What is Rosacea / Difussed Redness
The clinical term Rosacea or Diffused Redness is facial redness and sometimes may look like small breakouts that occurs mostly in middle-aged men and women. The cause of Rosacea is unknown. It is a disease of the sebaceous glands our oil glands. It affects people mainly in the 30’s and 40’s, especially those with fair skin or a paler skin type.
With Rosacea, the skin of the face and in particular the cheeks and nose tends to flush or go red easily and over time becomes permanently red. Thread veins may appear in the same sites and in pustular Rosacea (formerly known as Acne Rosacea) spots and pimples appear too. The condition is aggravated by over production of oil from sebaceous glands, hormonal changes, sun exposure, UVA & UVB, stress, climatic changes and some foods such as coffee, spicy foods and alcohol. Most clients are keen to improve the appearance by treating any pimple spots and reducing the redness and thread veins. Rosacea can be improved and controlled. This condition generally gets worse if it goes untreated, causing more redness, more pimples and more visible thread veins. Rosacea can be treated but may not be cured. Severe cases will require oral or topical antibiotics prescribed by your doctor.
Rosacea treatment includes two different applications of laser treatment on visible veins and a second applicator to reduce redness in combination with products to protect the skin i.e. broad-spectrum sunscreen and antioxidants. Recurrent flushing and blushing is present and late in the disease, the nose may be enlarged with thick red skin, a condition known as “rhinophyma”. Enlargement of the nose is more common in males. Also, along with thicker skin, the oil glands of the face enlarge and are more active giving an oily appearance. Rosacea is often accompanied by other features and symptoms such as breakouts, redness-erythema, red bulbous nose, acne like eruption and a heat like burning sensation.
Stages of Rosacea
First Stage – Redness: The cheeks or forehead appear to have a mild redness or sunburn. The redness is caused by dilation of the blood vessels in the skin, which allow more blood to flow and pool under the surface of the skin.
Second Stage – Breakouts: The next stage breakouts may appear on the face. The types of breakouts are seen in people with Rosacea differ from acne, which are characterised by blackheads or whiteheads. In Rosacea the pimples appear as small red and solid or pus filled. A characteristic symptom of Rosacea is dilated blood vessels that become visible under the surface of the skin.
With the Gentle Max Pro there are two laser options available to treat Rosacea, Laser Vein Removal and Diffused Redness with laser. As explained earlier with Laser Vein Removal the treatment of red veins is targeted first and our diffused redness applicatior probe treats the remaining redness. With the difussed rednesss applicator a small probe is placed directly above the skin and the skin is heated with the laser probe causing the redness to be broken down.
A daily skin care routine is vital in treating Rosacea, your aesthetic therapist will outline a skin program for you to protect against environmental factors and oxidative stress which can prolong the symptoms of Rosacea.
There is no fix or cure for Rosacea. The symptoms can be treated. Rosacea treatment at Skin Smart Clinic is aimed at controlling the redness, inflammation and skin eruptions through skin care and laser treatment. Once Rosacea has progressed to the stage where redness and veins are evident the only option is laser treatment.
The laser uses light energy to effectively diminish the dilated blood vessels to reduce redness and visible veins. A number of treatments typically 4-6 treatments at 4-6-week intervals may be required. Combination treatment and products work best to treat and control Rosacea.
The cause of Rosacea is now known to be associated with the sebaceous glands (oil glands) but can be exacerbated by sun exposure, hormonal changes, stress, diet, alcohol and maybe hereditary.
The most common symptoms include facial redness – usually on the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead. Visible vessels (called telangiectasias), facial swelling and burning sensations are also experienced. Red bumps or pimples may be seen as well. Rosacea can develop gradually, as mild episodes of facial blushing. Over time, flushing may lead to a permanently red face.
Please see price list for thread veins and diffused redness.